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IGLYO – The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer & Intersex (LGBTQI) Youth and Student Organisation launched the preliminary results of their LGBTQI Inclusive Education Index and Report at the European Parliament on 23 January 2018. The publications provide much needed qualitative data on areas such as laws, policies, teacher training, inclusive curricula to highlight both good practices and areas for development in each country and ensure that LGBTQI learners feel safe, supported and included within state educational institutions.

 

In many parts of the EU, civil society is under threat, finds a new report by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). Given the vital role civil society plays in upholding democratic processes and in promoting human rights, decision makers need to ensure the important work of civil society is not undermined through policy and legal changes and funding cuts.

 

This paper – published by the Commissioner for Human Rights and the Council of Europe – addresses the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women in Europe. Despite considerable progress made in Europe in that direction, pervasive gender inequalities continue to affect women in Europe in all areas of life and often have profound effects on their sexual and reproductive rights. Laws, policies and practices in Europe still curtail and undermine women’s sexual and reproductive health, autonomy, dignity, integrity and decision making in serious ways. Moreover in recent years, resurgent threats have emerged in this field jeopardizing longstanding commitments to gender equality and women’s rights.

 

This is the sixth issue of the biannual European equality law review, produced by the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination (EELN). This issue provides an overview of legal and policy developments across Europe, and as far as possible reflects the state of affairs from 1 January to 30 June 2017. The aim of the EELN is to provide the European Commission and the general public with independent information regarding gender equality and non-discrimination law, and more specifically the transposition and implementation of the EU equality and non-discrimination directives.

 

Persisting widespread discrimination, intolerance and hatred across the EU threatens to marginalise and alienate many minority group members who otherwise feel largely attached to the country they live in and trust its institutions. These findings emerge from a major repeat survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), which is a key resource to the work of equality bodies. Collecting and making available equality data at national and EU levels is key to building evidence for more protective and inclusive anti-discrimination policies.

 

Commissioned by the European Commission and authored by the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, the report analyses the EU and Council of Europe legal frameworks on freedom of religion and non-discrimination and provides a comprehensive overview of EU Member State legislation and case law on the wearing of religious clothing and symbols in both public and private employment.The report is based on the professional assessment of 27 national non-discrimination experts of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, and covers all EU Member States, with the exception of Malta.

 

The European Commission launched a Communication on 20 November 2017 to announce its Action Plan (2017-2019) tackling the gender pay gap. The launch coincided with the Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights, which this year focused on “Women’s rights in turbulent times”.

 

Sixty years after the principle of equal pay for men and women for equal work or work of equal value was first laid down in Article 119 of the EEC Treaty (currently Article 157 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU), the EU today faces a gender pay gap that has remained constant at a relatively high level for decades. The most recent Eurostat data show an average figure of 16.3 % (for the year 2015) for the 28 EU Member States. Although there is a big difference between the countries with the lowestpay gap (Italy and Luxembourg, both with 5.5 % in 2015) and the country with the highest pay gap (Estonia, with 26.9 % in 2015), and although these figures represent the so-called ‘unadjusted’ gender pay gap (i.e. not adjusted according to individual characteristics that may explain part of the difference), there are signs that all over Europe sex-based pay discrimination remains a problem that should not be underestimated.

The text of this report was drafted by Petra Foubert, coordinated by Alexandra Timmer, Erin Jackson and Franka van Hoof for the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination.

 

This report by the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination aims to examine the current situation of the enforcement of non-discrimination law in Europe with regard specifically to Roma and their rights. The report is based on the professional assessment of 27 national non-discrimination experts of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, and covers all EU Member States, with the exception of Malta.

 

 

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