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The issue of intersecting grounds is a recent focus for anti-discrimination and equality work. It is underdeveloped in theory, policy and practice, despite being a key challenge to the future of equality and non-discrimination.

This Equinet Perspective aims to set out the contribution of equality bodies to intersectionality issues, as well as suggesting ways forward for further developing this work in the future.


This Handbook, prepared by members of Equinet’s Working Group on Gender Equality, aims to be a practical and useful tool for anyone who works on equal pay cases, guiding you to existing resources, data, partners and arguments that have been successful in the past.


The present factsheet and compendium of good practices aim to summarise the contribution of equality bodies to the integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in Europe.

Their integration is key to ensuring inclusion and equality for all in Europe. It is also an important area of equality bodies’ work as part of their mission of promoting equality and combating discrimination.


This Working Paper is based on discussions that took place during the Equinet Cluster on Standards in 2015, as well as contributions and comments provided since then by Equinet members.

It seeks to establish positions that equality bodies could promote, negotiate and advance vis-à-vis European and national administrations in the establishment of standards for equality bodies at European level and their implementation at national level.


Strasbourg, 29 juin 2016 - Traditionnellement, les vacances d’été coïncident avec l’expulsion des Roms et des Gens du voyage dans toute l’Europe, ce qui passe presque inaperçu. Le Bureau du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme (HCDH) et le Bureau des institutions démocratiques et des droits de l’homme de l’OSCE (OSCE/BIDDH) se joignent au Conseil de l’Europe, à l’Agence des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne (FRA), au Réseau européen des institutions nationales des droits de l’homme (ENNHRI) et au Réseau européen d’organismes de promotion de l’égalité (Equinet) pour condamner dans une déclaration les récentes expulsions de Roms et de Gens du voyage en Europe.


29 June 2016, Strasbourg – Traditionally, summer holidays coincide with the eviction of Roma and Travellers throughout Europe, which takes place almost unnoticed. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) join the Council of Europe, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), the European Network of European National Human Rights Institutions (ENNHRI) and the European Network of Equality Bodies (Equinet) in a statement to condemn the recent evictions of Roma and Travellers in Europe.


Economic, social and cultural rights are those human rights relating to the workplace, social security, family life, participation in cultural life, and access to housing, food, water, health care and education. They cover workers’ rights, the right to social security and social protection, protection of and assistance to the family, the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to health, the right to education, and cultural rights.


This study, carried out by Katrin Wladasch of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institut of Human Rights, aims to identify different types of sanctions as a tool for fostering the implementation of the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination. A specific focus is given to the (potential) role of equality bodies in strengthening effectiveness, proportionality and dissuasiveness of sanctions’ regimes.


Developed on the basis of a membership survey and the discussions of the Equinet Working Group on Equality Law, this Equinet Discussion Paper outlines the key challenges identified by equality bodies if they are to be designated as bodies under Directive 2014/54/EU, aimed at facilitating the uniform application and enforcement in practice of the already existing rights conferred on workers by Article 45 TFEU and by Regulation (EU) 492/2011 in the context of freedom of movement for workers.


What are equality bodies? Why do we need equality bodies? What challenges do equality bodies face? This tool aims to raise awareness about the role of and challenges faced by equality bodies at national and EU level, but also, on the way they can cooperate and bring added value to the work of stakeholders in their daily work.

The work of Equinet, European network of equality bodies is also outlined. The network promotes equality in Europe by supporting and enabling the work of equality bodies to be independent and effective as valuable catalysts for more equal societies.

A useful list of Equinet members and the grounds of discrimination covered per country is also available.


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