Members’ section
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SLOVENIA: The Advocate of the Principle of Equality

General Contact Information

Full name in English:

The Advocate of the Principle of Equality

Full name in the national language(s):

Zagovornik načela enakosti

Postal address:
Kotnikova 28 1000 Ljubljana Slovenia

General email address:

00386 1 369 7503

Telephone number:

00386 1 369 7503

Languages in which your institution can be contacted:

slovenian, english, french, croatian/serbian/bosniac

Person of contact for media enquiries:

Miha Lobnik

Name of the Head of the equality body:

Miha Lobnik

Contact Person


Miha Lobnik


Main Informations


The Advocate of the Principle of Equality (the Advocate) is a special post designed to prevent and eliminate discrimination predominately by hearing cases & offering assistance to victims of discrimination.

Brief history

The Advocate of the Principle of Equality was established in 2016 with the Protection against Discrimination Act. The new Advocate was elected in October 2016, by the national parliament, upon the proposal of the President of the Republic, on the basis of the Implementing the Principle of Equal Treatment Act (the Act). The Advocate is a special post, not a legal entity and is nominated by the Government for a fixed period of 5 years. The Advocate’s position and mandate is regulated by the Act. The Advocate first operated within the Office for Equal Opportunities (OEO) which was established in February 2001 by the decision of the government (internal organizational act) as a successor of the former Office for women’s policy (originally established in July 1992). OEO’s duties were predominately concerned with policy making in gender mainstreaming. OEO was abolished in April 2012 and its task are now preformed by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. The Advocate continues to operate within the Ministry.

Mandate type
  • Combined tribunal-type and promotion-type
Litigation powers
  • Representing in front of courts
  • Bringing proceedings in own name
  • Intervening before the court
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) legally binding
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) Not legally binding
  • The Advocate has a mix of quasy judicial and promotional duties, i.e. can support vicims in legal proceedings with remedies (counseling), or can provide guidance to prevent and dismantle discrimination.
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. through trainings)noyesnonoyesno
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)noyesyesyesyesno
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)noyesyesnonono
Recommendations on discrimination issuesnoyesyesyesyesno
Publications and reportsnoyesnononono
Research projects (including surveys)nonononoyesno
Our institution has a mandate to deal with:
  • Violence against women
  • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
  • Hate crime
  • Hate speech
  • not specific mandate, but when it overlaps with discrimination, the Advocate can deal with these, and has also a general duty to report crimes. Some of the issues are also dealt with by promotional activities.
Other statistics
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)66947565no data51
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)no datano datano datano datano datano data
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media51555no datano data
  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
  • 2 members of staff
Management details

The Advocate is a post with special duties within the ministry (a member of staff). In performing its functions of assisting victims the Advocate shall be autonomous and independent from instructions (Article 11.b of the Act). In relation to the Advocate the minister exercises the rights and obligations of an employer. There is no organisational independence of the Advocate whatsoever.

Additional details

See management.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues
no data1111no data
Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body
GroundsFieldsEmploymentEducationHousingSocial Protection & HealthcareGoods & ServicesOther
Gender Identitynonononono
Race and Ethnic Originnonononono
Sexual Orientationnonononono
Religion & Beliefnonononono
Mandate covers:
  • Public sector
  • Private sector
Operating budget in euros
no datano datano datano datano datano data
We are accountable to:
  • National Parliament
  • and the Government (Annual report)

Related News

In 2016, a new Protection from Discrimination Act entered into force in Slovenia, thus resulting in the Advocate of the Principle of Equality developing into an autonomous state body. This recent evolution brings about the potential to improve and increase the protection of persons at risk of discrimination in Slovenia, together with the opportunity to create a truly independent and effective equality body.