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ALBANIA: Commissioner for the Protection from Discrimination

General Contact Information

Full name in English:

Commissioner for the Protection from Discrimination

Full name in the national language(s):

Komisioneri për Mbrojtjen nga Diskriminimi

Postal address:
Rr. "Sami Frasheri", Nr. 10, Kati II, Tiranë, Shqipëri / Albania

General email address:
Telephone number:

00 355 4 2431078

Other social media channels:

Komisioneri për Mbrojtjen nga Diskriminimi

Languages in which your institution can be contacted:

Albanian, English

Person of contact for media enquiries:

Ardiana HALA - Director

Name of the Head of the equality body:

Irma BARAKU - Commissioner

Contact Person


Blerina PIRANI


Main Informations


The Commissioner for the Protection from Discrimination (CPD) is the equality body in Albania, established since 2010, by an organic law, fully aligned/approximated with the European Directives in the field of non-discrimination. The CPD is a public legal person, independent in performing its duties and the responsible authority to ensure effective protection from discrimination i the country.

Brief history

The Assembly of the Republic of Albania approved the Law No. 10221/2010 “On Protection from Discrimination" (LPD), which entered into force on 13 March 2010. Upon approval of the LPD, the Assembly of the Republic of Albania approved the following acts for the establishment of the Office of the CPD:
- Decision no. 33, on 22.04.2010 of the Assembly of the Republic of Albania “On the appointment of the Commissioner for protection from discrimination”. The Commissioner is elected by the Assembly for a 5-year mandate that may be renewed once.
- Decision no. 34, on 20.05.2010 of the Assembly of the Republic of Albania “On the approval of the structure, organizational structure and classification of the work positions of the Office of the Commissioner for protection from discrimination”. It provides for 23 employees.

The CPD is entitled to a number of powers: - First, the CPD powers aiming to offer assistance to the victims of discrimination following their complaints on alleged discrimination; - Second, the CPD powers aiming to conduct independent surveys related to discrimination; - Third, the CPD powers that aim at publishing the reports and providing suggestions about every issue that is related to discrimination; - Fourth, the CPD powers that aim at raising awareness.

Mandate type
  • Predominantly tribunal-type (quasi-judicial) body
Litigation powers
  • Representing in front of courts
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) legally binding
  • The CPD takes part in judicial processes in the quality of the defendant. In these cases the plaintiff may object to the court the Decisions of the CPD (including the decisions on Discrimination and those imposing sanctions by fine ) and ask for their cancellation. Assistance of the victims of discrimination to the court by the CPD in the quality of a third or interested party on the judicial process, related to cases which have been handled before administratively by the CPD, based on the Albanian Code of Civil Procedures. The CPD has initiated judicial processes to the competent Administrative Courts for issuing the execution procedures of fines imposed by the CPD.
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. through trainings)noyesyesyesyesyes
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)noyesyesyesyesyes
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)noyesyesyesyesyes
Recommendations on discrimination issuesnoyesyesyesyesyes
Publications and reportsnoyesyesyesyesyes
Research projects (including surveys)noyesnonoyesyes
Our institution has a mandate to deal with:
  • Violence against women
  • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
  • Hate crime
  • Hate speech
  • In general, the CPD has a wide mandate to deal with as the protected grounds of discrimination, according to its organic law, are non-exhaustive. Also the fields and rights for which it offers protection. Regarding Violence against women, the CPD is not part of the “Mechanism for the Coordination of Work for the Referral of Cases of Violence in Family Relations and Ways of its Proceedings” but it has handled cases of discriminatory treatment of victims of violence from the services offered by this mechanism. Regarding UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the CPD is responsible for the implementation of the law 93/2014 “For the Inclusion and Accessibility of People With Disabilities” in accordance with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in compliance with the obligations set out in law no. 10221/2010 "For the protection from discrimination".
Other statistics
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)41590166172180
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)118110181209288
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media102235284042
  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
  • The CPD consists of 23 employees as approved by Decision no. 34, on 20.5.2010 of the Assembly of the Republic of Albania. It is headed by the Commissioner. The commissioner is supported by the Office of the Commissioner for Protection from Discrimination (office). The office has its personnel and necessary equipment to support the commissioner in fulfilling the duties assigned by law. The Assembly decides on the pay of the commissioner, the organisational structure and the classification of pay for the employees of the Office of the Commissioner for Protection from Discrimination. The employees of this office enjoy the status of civil servant. The Commissioner has his own independent budget, which is financed from the State Budget and from various donations.
Management details

The CPD is single-headed led by the Commissioner, which has under its authority an Advisor, a Secretary, three directories and one sector.

Additional details

The Directorate of Inspection and Investigation (Director + 4 inspectors): conducts investigations and inspections upon receipt of reliable information, verify facts; examine complaints; notify the subjects on the progress of the handling of the cases where the Commissioner imposes punishment by fine in cases of non-enforcement of the decision; control the execution of fines.
Public Relations Sector (one head+ 1 specialist) receives complaints, provides information on the procedure of their handling, in the field of protection of the individual’s rights and freedoms as well as publication of the held activities, holds and keeps the register to document all complaints filed to the Office of the Commissioner, informs the public to raise awareness about the law, develops and implements a strategy on public relations for CPD, keeps contacts with the media and promoting media as a tool in the fight against discrimination. Encourages equality in Albania, develops the social dialogue as well as updats the official website of the CPD are some other powers of this sector.
The Directorate of Legal, Procedural Affairs and Foreign Relations (Director + 5 specialists): drafts by-laws of CPD; monitors the consultation and approval of by-laws; prepares legal opinions, drafts reports/recommendations/studies of CPD, represents complainant in the court in civil proceedings, with his approval, sets out a written opinion at the request of the court, represents the CPD in court when its decisions are objected.
Directorate of Support Services is controlling, observing the law and regulations for the internal operations of the CPD; assisting CPD on matters related to staff recruitment, and monitoring and coordinating the activities to accomplish the procedure and plan the budgetary requirements of the Office of the Commissioner, procurement of budgetary funding and is responsible for operating and maintaining IT systems and the means of communication.

Procedure for nomination and appointment of management and board

Nomination of the CPD structure as well as election of the Commissioner is done by Decision of the Parliament of Albania.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues
Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body
GroundsFieldsEmploymentEducationHousingSocial Protection & HealthcareGoods & ServicesOther
Gender Identityyesyesyesyesyes
Race and Ethnic Originyesyesyesyesyes
Sexual Orientationyesyesyesyesyes
Religion & Beliefyesyesyesyesyes

Other grounds : Color, language, political, religious or philosophical beliefs, economic, education or social situation, pregnancy, parentage, parental responsibility, family or marital condition, civil status, residence, health status, genetic predispositions, affiliation with a particular group or for any other reason. The fields for which the Law 10221/2010 offers protection are non-exhaustive. But, this law foresees explicitly the Protection from discrimination in: - Education - Employment - Goods and Services Housing, Social Protection & Healthcare are included in the area of Goods and Services according to this Law.

Mandate covers:
  • Public sector
  • Private sector
Operating budget in euros
no datano datano datano datano datano data
We are accountable to:
  • National Parliament