On 23 May 2012, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched a report which draws on surveys into the socio-economic situation of Roma and non-Roma living nearby in 11 EU Member States and in neighbouring European countries.
The report shows that in the 11 EU Member States surveyed, where the overwhelming majority of Roma EU citizens live, the situation in employment, education, housing and health is not satisfactory. On average it is worse than the situation of the non-Roma living close by. Roma also continue to experience discrimination and are not sufficiently aware of their rights guaranteed by EU law.
Some of the key findings include:
Only 15% of young Roma adults surveyed have completed upper-secondary general or vocational education – compared with more than 70% of the majority population living nearby;
On average, fewer than 33% of Roma survey respondents are in paid employment;
About 45% of the Roma surveyed lived in households lacking one of the following: an indoor kitchen, toilet, shower or bath, or electricity;
On average, about 40% of Roma surveyed live in households where somebody went to bed hungry at least once last month because they could not afford food.
This report presents the first results of the surveys based on an analysis of a small part of the available data, which will be published later in thematic reports. The surveys document the situation on the ground. They were conducted by the FRA, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank and the European Commission.
The results will provide policy makers with the necessary evidence for designing effective policy responses supporting the European Commission’s Communication on an EU framework for national Roma integration strategies up to 2020 that was published in April 2011. The Communication tasked the FRA with monitoring the situation and working with Member States to assist them in putting in place robust monitoring mechanisms that can measure comparatively progress over time.
The full report from the FRA and the UNDP can be accessed here.