For its 10th edition, the Barometer on the perception of discrimination in employment by the French Defender of Rights and the International Labour Organization (ILO) has returned to a general picture of representations and experiences of discrimination in the workplace. At the same time, it develops an intersectional approach to show the heterogeneity of inequalities according to social groups.
The labour market appears to be a particularly discriminating environment, with one in two people considering that discrimination is frequent during a job search and one in three in their career. Experiences reported by active persons - in employment or unemployed - confirm these representations. One-third of the working population (34%) has reported discrimination based on gender, age, pregnancy or maternity, religious beliefs, disability or health, in his or her professional career over the past 5 years.
The intersectional approach makes it possible to highlight the variety of discrimination experienced by those 34%. This was done by measuring the experiences according to social groups: as a pregnant, as a young man of non-European origin, or as a disabled person - all characteristics associated with particularly high levels of unequal treatment.