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National Centre for Human Rights

SLOVAKIA: National Centre for Human Rights

Main Informations


The Slovak National Centre for Human unites the mandate of a sole National Human Rights Institution and National Equality Body in Slovakia. It comprises of number of human rights and legal experts motivated to protect, promote human rights and provide legal assistance to victims of discrimination and manifestations of intolerance in Slovakia as stipulated in its mandate.

Brief history

Establishment of the Centre:
The Slovak National Centre for Human Rights (Centre) was established by the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 308/1993 Coll. adopted by the National Council of the Slovak Republic on 15 December 1993 on Establishment of the Slovak National Centre for Human Rights (Act on the Establishment of the Centre) which entered into force on 1 January 1994. The Centre was founded under the UN Project (SLO/94/AH/2) “Establishment of a National Institute for Protection and Promotion of Human Rights”, and under the International Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the United Nations.
The Government of the Slovak Republic approved the project documentation by the resolution No. 430 from 15 June 1993. Consequently on 9 March 1994 in Geneva, the Government of the Slovak Republic and the United Nations signed the agreement declaring the establishment of the Centre based on the UN Project (SLO/94/AH/2). The agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and UN, published under the No. 29/1995 Coll., entered into force on 9 June 1994. The main purpose of the agreement was to provide The Centre’s Voluntary Fund with the financial aid from the Government of the Kingdom of Netherlands in order to cover the Centre’s functional, operating and program expenditures linked with the protection and promotion of human rights in the Slovak Republic during its initial period of two years (from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1995). The Government of the Slovak Republic was obliged by the agreement to provide the Centre with the financial support and to guarantee its legal and operative independence after two years of initial period.

The Centre as National Equality Body:
The Centre’s activities and its position are extended by the Act No. 365/2004 Coll. on Equal Treatment and Protection against Discrimination (Antidiscrimination Act). By adopting this Act the Slovak Republic incorporated into its legislation the antidiscrimination directives of the European Union. By the means of implementation of Antidiscrimination Act the Centre’s Act on Establishment was amended and the Centre’s mandate was extended. The Centre is the only institution for the protection of equality in the Slovak Republic. Moreover, the Centre is the only institution with legal competencies within the field of protection of the principle of equal treatment. Apart from the competencies of a National Human Rights Institution, the Centre, thus, possesses the authority to protect the principle of equal treatment.
The Centre’s mandate has been extended also recently. Pursuant to the Act No. 307/2014 Coll. on certain provisions on reporting criminal social conduct and amending and supplementing certain other laws, the Centre has a task to regularly evaluate and publish legal documents, court decisions, certain provisions and other relevant information related to criminal social conduct and protection in accordance with the present Act.
Hence, the Centre nowadays operates as a B-status accredited National Human Rights Institution and Equality body with a rather broad mandate.

Mandate type
  • Predominantly promotion-type and legal support body
Litigation powers
  • Representing in front of courts
  • Bringing proceedings in own name
  • Intervening before the court
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) Not legally binding
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. through trainings)yesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesno
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)yesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesno
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)nononoyesyesyesyesyesno
Recommendations on discrimination issuesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesno
Publications and reportsyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesno
Research projects (including surveys)yesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesno
Our institution has a mandate to deal with:
  • Hate crime
  • Hate speech
  • With regards to hate crime and hate speech, the Centre has a mandate to gather and upon request provide information on racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism in the Slovak Republic and to prepare educational activities and participate in information campaigns aimed at increasing tolerance of the society. It also provides legal assistance not only to victims of discrimination but also to victims of manifestations of intolerance.
Other statistics
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)1418233524972621241321711971no datano data
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)1418233524972621241321711971no datano data
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media7921283640114117no datano data
  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
Management details

Executive Director (ED) is a statutory body, who controls and oversees the Centre´s activities, elected and recalled by the Administrative Board. ED accounts to AB for the operation of the Centre; due economy and accounting; performance of decisions of AB;preparation of annual reports on the observance of human rights, annual reports on the activities of the Centre, the financial statement of the Centre and annual financial report.

Additional details

Note:with currently held staff positions
1. Executive Director
2. Office of the Executive Director (Head of Office, Assistant of the Executive Director)
3. Legal Department (Head of Department, Lawyer- expert consultant, Lawyer)
4. Department of External Relations, Research and Education (Head of Department, Lecturer, Researcher, External Relations Officer, Expert, Information Specialist)
5. Regional Offices – Žilina, Banská Bystrica, Košice- Lawyer (one in each Regional Office).

Procedure for nomination and appointment of management and board

The Executive Director (a statutory body of the Centre) is elected and recalled by the members of the Administrative Board (AB) for a three-year tenure following proposals submitted by the members of AB. Article 3b (2) of the Act No 308/1993 Coll. on the Establishment of the Centre specifies that an unimpeachable person with education of second grade and active in the area of protection of human rights or children´s right can be elected as the Executive Director. A person is considered unimpeachable in case he/she has not been lawfully sentenced for a deliberate criminal act or for a criminal act for which the person was imposed an unconditional sentence of imprisonment. The unimpeachability is to be shown by an extract from the Criminal record not older than three months. The same person may be elected as the Executive Director for not more than two consecutive tenures. The performance of a position of Executive Director terminates by expiring of the tenure, by resignation, by recalling by AB due to a failure to perform his/her duties for more than six months or due to a serious violation of obligations of the Executive Director, in case of death of an Executive Director, by recalling due to his/her lawful conviction for a deliberate criminal act or a criminal act for which he/she was imposed an unconditional sentence of imprisonment.
Article 3a (1) of the Act No 308/1993 Coll. on the Establishment of the Centre specifies the composition of AB of the Centre. The AB consists of 9 members selected from persons enjoying natural authority and trust in the field of protection of human rights. Members of the AB comprise the members appointed by the President of the Slovak Republic, Speaker of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, Public Defender of Rights, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the Comenius University in Bratislava, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik in Košice, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Matej Bel in Banská Bystrica, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Trnava, Prime Minister of the Government of the Slovak Republic following the proposal of non-governmental organizations; procedure of submitting a proposal to appoint a member of the Administrative Board is determined by the Prime Minister of the Government of the Slovak Republic, Minister of Labor, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic. Each of the listed appoints one member.
The criteria for choosing an appointee for the AB are set by the given institution which chooses the nominee. However a nominee for the AB of the Centre has to be a person who is active in the field of human rights, upright with a good moral character. The tenure of a member of the Ab is three years and commences on the date given in the letter of appointment. The letter of appointment of a member is delivered to the Centre by the person appointing the given member. The reappointment of the member is possible and the same person may be appointed for a member of the AB for not more than two consecutive terms of office. The grounds and procedures of the termination of membership in the AB of the Centre is stated in Article 3a(4-6) of the Act No 308/1993 Coll. on the Establishment of the Centre. The membership is terminated by expiring of tenure, by resignation (in such case the member who has resigned is obliged to notify the person having appointed him/her of the termination of the membership), by recalling of a member (by the person having appointed him/her provided that the member failed to participate in the three consecutive meetings of the AB without giving any serious reasons), by death of a member (in such case the termination is notified to the person having appointed the passed-away member by the Chairperson of the AB or by the Executive Director when a Chairperson is not available).

Number of staff dealing with equality issues
2417121111.512.513no datano data
Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body
Grounds / FieldsEmploymentEducationHousingSocial Protection & HealthcareGoods & ServicesOther
Gender Identityyesyesyesyesyes
Race and Ethnic Originyesyesyesyesyes
Sexual Orientationyesyesyesyesyes
Religion & Beliefyesyesyesyesyes

Other grounds : Nationality, Marital status, Colour, Language, Political Affiliation & Other Conviction, National & Social Origin, Property, Lineage, Other Status) - employment, education, housing, social protection and healthcare, goods and services Reporting criminal social conduct or other anti-social activities (protection of whistle-blowers)- employment

Mandate covers:
  • Public sector
  • Private sector
Operating budget in euros
643081528464528464578501518242518242518242553242no data
Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions).
643081528464528464578501518242518242518242553242no data
Other informations about your operation budget

Even though, the Centre unifies the mandates of an NHRI and a NEB, the organisation structure of the institution does not reflect this division. It results from the fact that both areas are interconnected and often it is hard to distinguish whether a certain activity is purely within the mandate of the Centre as a NHRI or as an EB. This also allows more effectiveness in the work. Moreover, due to the small number of staff it would also be difficult to divide the personnel to work only within one of the two mandates of the Centre. In line with the internal infrastructure of the Centre, the budget is not divided into equality and human rights departments and/or issues.

We are accountable to:
  • National audit institution (i.e. for financial reporting)
  • As far as the Centre’s budget includes donations from the state budget of the Slovak Republic, the special law dealing with the Centre’s financial management control is the Act No 39/1993 Coll. on the Supreme Audit Office of the Slovak Republic (SAO). Practically it means that neither the Government nor the National Council of the Slovak Republic is allowed to interfere into the financial independence of the Centre. The financial management control can be carried out solely by the SAO, which is an independent body established and regulated by the above-mentioned act and the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. The mandate of SAO covers the control of managing financial sources provided to various entities by the National Council of the Slovak Republic or the Slovak Government. SAO, however, does not have a mandate to influence the allocation of resources of the Centre within its activities. SAO can only perform the control of the management for the past periods in order to evaluate whether the Centre within the performance of its autonomy to manage its own budget did not breach the Slovak legislation and the principle of sound, economical and effective management.

Related News

The Slovak National Centre for Human Rights published its report on the observance of human rights including the observance of the principle of equal treatment in the Slovak Republic for the year 2015.


Equinet Calendar 2017

January 13th 2017

Equinet celebrates its 10th birthday this year! As a celebratory gesture, we have put together a 2017 calendar highlighting the work of some of our members across Europe.


The Slovak National Centre for Human Rights has released a report of its 2016 activities.


On 16 May 2017 the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published two country reports and four conclusions on the implementation of previous recommendations. In their publications, ECRI pays special attention to the need for independent equality bodies with sufficient resources and powers.


The National Centre for Human Rights recently published its report on "The observance of Human Rights including the principle of equal treatment in the Slovak Republic for the year 2016".


Back to European Directory of Equality Bodies

General Contact Information

Full name in English:

Slovak National Centre for Human Rights

Full name in the national language(s):

Slovenské národné stredisko pre ľudské práva

Postal address:
Laurinská 18, 811 01 Bratislava, Slovakia

General email address:

+421 2 208 501 22

Telephone number:

+421 2 208 501 22


Other social media channels:

Languages in which your institution can be contacted:

Slovak, English, Czech

Person of contact for media enquiries:

Zuzana Pavlíčková,, +421 918 370 006

Name of the Head of the equality body:

Katarína Szabová

Engagement with Equinet

Cluster : Research & Data Collection
Natália Juráková
Working Group: Communication
Natália Juráková
Working Group: Gender Equality
Miroslava Novodomcová
Working Group: Equality Law
Eduard Csudai
Working Group: Policy Formation
Zuzana Pavlíčková

Contact Person


Zuzana Pavlíčková