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MONTENEGRO: Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms of Montenegro (Ombudsman)

General Contact Information

Full name in English:

The Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms of Montenegro (Ombudsman)

Full name in the national language(s):

Zaštitnik ljudskih prava i sloboda Crne Gore

Postal address:
Svetlane Kane Radević 3, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
Website:

http://www.ombudsman.co.me/

General email address:
ombudsman@t-com.me
Telephone number:

+382 20 225 395 / +382 20 241 642

Other social media channels:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/289575274455647/

Languages in which your institution can be contacted:

Montenegrin/English

Person of contact for media enquiries:

Milana Bojovic, Independent Advisor for Public Relations

Name of the Head of the equality body:

Šućko Baković

Contact Person

Name:

Siniša Bjeković, Deputy Ombudsman

Email:
sinisa.bjekovic@ombudsman.co.me

Main Informations

Overview

-  Protection of human rights and freedoms and acting upon complaints;
-  Protection from discrimination;
-  Promotion of anti-discrimination standards;
-  Raising awareness.

Brief history

The Institution of the Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms of Montenegro (Ombudsman) was established by way of a Law which was passed by the Assembly of Montenegro on 10th July 2003. The Ombudsman performs his duties on the basis of the Constitution and laws and adheres to the principles of justice and fairness in the course his work.
Under the Law on the Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms of Montenegro (entered into force on 23rd August 2011) the Ombudsman has two new competences and it became the institutional mechanism for protection against all forms of discrimination and the National Preventive Mechanism for the protection and prevention of persons deprived of liberty against torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Competencies of the Protector of human rights and freedoms of Montenegro are based on Article 27 of the Law on the Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms of Montenegro („Official Gazette of Montenegro“ No.42/2011, 32/2014), by Article 21 of the Law on Prohibition of Discrimination, („Official Gazette of Montenegro“ No.46/2010, 18/2014) and by Article 1 of the Law on Prohibition of Discrimination of Persons with Disabilities („Official Gazette of Montenegro“ No.35/2015). Also, the latest amendments of the Law on Gender Equality („Official Gazette of Montenegro“, no.46/2007, 35/2015) have established a full competence of the Protector in acting on the bases of complaints against violation of the principle of gender equality.

Mandate type
  • Combined tribunal-type and promotion-type
Litigation powers
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) Not legally binding
  • Initiate or interfere in court proceedings initiated in civil litigation with the consent of the discriminated person.
Activities
201020112012201320142015
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. through trainings)yesyesyesyesyesyes
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)yesyesyesyesyesyes
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)yesyesyesyesyesyes
Recommendations on discrimination issuesyesyesyesyesyesyes
Publications and reportsyesyesyesyesyesyes
Our institution has a mandate to deal with:
  • Violence against women
  • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
  • Hate speech
  • minority rights violation; women`s and children's rights; violation of the principle of gender equality; protection and prevention of persons deprived of liberty against torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Other statistics
201020112012201320142015
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)155118211963447153216116
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)481720617611576641
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social mediano datano datano datano datano datano data
Management
  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
Management details

The Protector shall be appointed for a term of six years and may be removed from office in cases provided for by law. The Protector shall have one or more Deputies, and decision about the number of Deputies shall be brought by the Parliament of Montenegro, on recommendation of the Protector.

Additional details

Organizational structure of Protector consists of several organizational units. These are: the national preventive mechanism, protection from torture and the right to trial within a reasonable time (NPM), an institutional mechanism for protection against discrimination, the unit of children’s rights and social protection, general protection of human rights and freedoms, as well as the unit of general affairs. Within each of these units, there are separate departments dealing with the issue of its jurisdiction.

Procedure for nomination and appointment of management and board

Pursuant to the Constitution of Montenegro (“Official Gazette of Montenegro”, No. 01/07) and the Law of the Protector of human rights and freedoms, the President of Montenegro shall propose to the Parliament the Protector of human rights and freedoms, and shall consult with civil sector, associations of state prosecutors, bar associations, non-governmental organizations with principal activity of the protection of human rights and freedoms, which have responded to the public call for consultation and to obtain the opinion of academia three law schools, one of which has a Centre for Human Rights. For the Protector may be appointed a person who is citizen of Montenegro, possessing university degree and at least 15 years of working experience with high personal and professional authority, with at least seven years of experience in the field of human rights and freedoms. For the Deputy may be appointed a person who is a citizen of Montenegro, possessing university degree and at least 10 years of working experience with high personal and professional authority, with at least five years of experience in the field of human rights and freedoms. Deputy Protector shall be appointed by the Parliament upon a proposal of the Protector.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues
201020112012201320142015
233345
Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body
GroundsFieldsEmploymentEducationHousingSocial Protection & HealthcareGoods & ServicesOther
Genderyesyesyesyesyes
Gender Identityyesyesyesyesyes
Race and Ethnic Originyesyesyesyesyes
Ageyesyesyesyesyes
Disabilityyesyesyesyesyes
Sexual Orientationyesyesyesyesyes
Religion & Beliefyesyesyesyesyes

Other grounds : national affiliation and social origin; affiliation to the minority nation or minority national community, language, political or other opinion, health conditions, material status, marital or family status, membership in a group or assumed membership in a group, political party or other organization as well as other personal characteristics.

Mandate covers:
  • Public sector
  • Private sector
Operating budget in euros
201020112012201320142015
374103.32485945.97531324.32528924.32526160.26531457.54
We are accountable to:
  • National Parliament

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