Three different types of equality bodies are referred to by Equinet and others: tribunal type equality bodies, promotion type equality bodies and combined tribunal-type and promotion-type equality bodies.
Predominantly tribunal type equality bodies spend the bulk of their time and resources on hearing, investigating and deciding on individual instances of discrimination brought before them. Some can and do take on certain promotional functions alongside these activities.
Predominantly promotion type equality bodies spend the bulk of their time and resources on supporting good practices, raising awareness of rights, developing a knowledge base on equality and providing legal advice and assistance to victims of discrimination.
A third type of equality body can be identified as a combination of tribunal-type and promotion-type bodies. They hear, investigate and decide on cases of discrimination, but also implement a range of activities to raise awareness, support good practice and conduct research.